Subordinating conjuctions

Subordinating conjunctions are words that connect two sentences.

Notes

In this lesson you will learn how to use subordinating conjunctions like BECAUSE, IF and SO!

Learn FREE with videos and interactive exercises

Subordinating conjunctions - Video

WATCH THE VIDEO AND REPEAT:

"HI KATE, WHY ARE YOU HERE?

I AM HERE BECAUSE I HAVE A CAVITY. IT HAPPENS IF YOU EAT TOO MANY SWEETS.

I’M SORRY. WE CAN PLAY TOGETHER AT THE PARK WHEN YOU FEEL BETTER.

OF COURSE! I WILL PRACTISE AT HOME WHILE I WAIT, THOUGH I PREFER PLAYING WITH YOU.

SO IT’S A DEAL THEN!"

BECAUSE

We use BECAUSE when there is WHY in the question and when we give reasons:

  • Why are you tired? I am tired because I helped my father.
  • Why are you happy? I am happy because I love sunny days!
  • Why are you smiling? I am smiling because I am happy.

IF

We use IF to introduce conditions:

  • If it rains, I won't come.
  • Take it if you want.
  • She'll buy you a new puppet if you pass the test.

Learn how to use subordinating conjunctions

Now that you know everything about subordinating conjunctions, test yourself with some exercises!

Download the worksheet below!

SO

We use SO to introduce sentences of result or decision:

  • I'm tired, so I will go to bed.
  • I'm hungry, so I will eat a banana.
  • They are great, so they will win.

THOUGH/ALTHOUGH

We use THOUGH and ALTHOUGH to say "in spite of something":

  • Though/although it's 8 o'clock, it's not dark outside.
  • Though/although it's late, I'm not tired.
  • She will understand, though/although I am not sure.

WHEN

We use WHEN to say "at the time that":

  • I love it when it rains.
  • Tell me when you are ready.
  • He will do it when he comes home.

WHILE

We use WHILE to say that two actions are happening at the same time:

  • Nick is old, while Tim is young.
  • I will read while I wait.
  • While she was sick, she watched a lot of TV.