# Subordinating conjuctions

Subordinating conjunctions are words that connect two sentences.

## Notes

In this lesson you will learn how to use subordinating conjunctions like BECAUSE, IF and SO!

## Subordinating conjunctions - Video

WATCH THE VIDEO AND REPEAT:

"HI KATE, WHY ARE YOU HERE?

I AM HERE BECAUSE I HAVE A CAVITY. IT HAPPENS IF YOU EAT TOO MANY SWEETS.

I’M SORRY. WE CAN PLAY TOGETHER AT THE PARK WHEN YOU FEEL BETTER.

OF COURSE! I WILL PRACTISE AT HOME WHILE I WAIT, THOUGH I PREFER PLAYING WITH YOU.

SO IT’S A DEAL THEN!"

## BECAUSE

We use BECAUSE when there is WHY in the question and when we give reasons:

• Why are you tired? I am tired because I helped my father.
• Why are you happy? I am happy because I love sunny days!
• Why are you smiling? I am smiling because I am happy.

## IF

We use IF to introduce conditions:

• If it rains, I won't come.
• Take it if you want.
• She'll buy you a new puppet if you pass the test.

## Learn how to use subordinating conjunctions

Now that you know everything about subordinating conjunctions, test yourself with some exercises!

## SO

We use SO to introduce sentences of result or decision:

• I'm tired, so I will go to bed.
• I'm hungry, so I will eat a banana.
• They are great, so they will win.

## THOUGH/ALTHOUGH

We use THOUGH and ALTHOUGH to say "in spite of something":

• Though/although it's 8 o'clock, it's not dark outside.
• Though/although it's late, I'm not tired.
• She will understand, though/although I am not sure.

## WHEN

We use WHEN to say "at the time that":

• I love it when it rains.
• Tell me when you are ready.
• He will do it when he comes home.

## WHILE

We use WHILE to say that two actions are happening at the same time:

• Nick is old, while Tim is young.
• I will read while I wait.
• While she was sick, she watched a lot of TV.