Conditionals

We use conditionals to express the consequences of a fact or a situation that might happen or might have happened but didn't.

Notes

In this lesson you will learn how to use the main types of conditional sentences: the zero conditional, the first conditional, the second conditional, and the third conditional.

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Zero conditional

We use the zero conditional to talk about facts or situations which are always true.

Here's the structure:

 ConditionResult
IFYOU FREEZE WATERIT BECOMES ICE
IFPRESENT SIMPLEPRESENT SIMPLE

 

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First conditional

We use the first conditional to talk about fact that are likely to happen in the future.

Here's the structure:

 ConditionResult
IFYOU TAKE THE FIRST BUSYOU WILL GET THERE ON TIME
IFPRESENT SIMPLEFUTURE SIMPLE

 

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Second conditional

We use the second conditional to imagine facts or situations that are impossible or unlikely to happen in reality.

Here's the structure:

 ConditionResult
IFYOU STUDIEDYOU WOULD PASS YOUR EXAMS
IFPAST SIMPLEWOULD + INFINITIVE

 

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Third conditional

We use the third conditional to talk about the unrealistic results of a situation happened in the past.

Here's the structure:

 ConditionResult
IFSHE HAD STUDIED MORESHE WOULD HAVE PASSED THE TEST
IFPAST PERFECTWOULD/WOULDN'T HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

 

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