Present simple

The present simple is the base form of the verb.

Notes

The present simple tense has three forms:

  • affirmative
  • negative
  • interrogative

Learn FREE with videos and interactive exercises

Present simple - Video

WATCH THE VIDEO AND REPEAT:

"I GO TO SCHOOL EVERY DAY. MY SCHOOLMATES AND I LEARN NEW THINGS. 

I HAVE LUNCH WITH MY MOM, SHE WORKS AT MY SCHOOL.

I GO HOME , I DO MY HOMEWORK AND I PLAY VIDEO GAMES."

Present simple - Affirmative form

The present tense is the base form of the verb, but with the third person singular (HE/SHE/IT), we add an S.

I READ

YOU READ

HE/SHE/IT READS

WE READ

YOU READ

THEY READ

Watch out!

  • When verbs end in a consonant + Y, we change Y to IES. (STUDY -> STUDIES)
  • When verbs end in CH, SH, S, X, O, we add ES. (TEACH -> TEACHES; GO -> GOES)

 

Download the worksheet below and test yourself!

Present simple - Interrogative form

We use DO and DOES to make questions. Follow this structure:

DO/DOES + PERSONAL PRONOUN + VERB (base form)

DO I READ?

DO YOU READ?

DOES HE/SHE/IT READ?

DO WE READ?

DO YOU READ?

DO THEY READ?

 

Download the worksheet below and test yourself!

Present simple - Negative form

We use DO and DOES to make negatives and then we add NOT. Follow this structure: PERSONAL PRONOUN + DO/DOES NOT + VERB (base form)

 

Long formContracted form
DO NOT READI DON'T READ
YOU DO NOT READYOU DON'T READ
HE/SHE/IT DOES NOT READHE/SHE/IT DOESN'T READ
WE DO NOT READWE DON'T READ
YOU DO NOT READYOU DON'T READ
THEY DO NOT READTHEY DON'T READ

 

Download the worksheet below and practise!

TO BE

AFFIRMATIVE FORMNEGATIVE FORMINTERROGATIVE FORM
I AM | I'MI AM NOT | I'M NOTAM I?
YOU ARE | YOU'REYOU ARE NOT | YOU'RE NOTARE YOU?
HE/SHE/IT IS | HE'S/SHE'S/IT'SHE/SHE/IT IS NOT | HE/SHE/IT'S NOTIS HE/SHE/IT?
WE ARE | WE'REWE ARE NOT | WE'RE NOTARE WE?
YOU ARE | YOU'REYOU ARE NOT | YOU'RE NOTARE YOU?
THEY ARE | THEY'RETHEY ARE NOT | THEY'RE NOTARE THEY?

 

Download the worksheet below and practise!

TO HAVE

AFFIRMATIVE FORMNEGATIVE FORMINTERROGATIVE FORM
I HAVE | I'VEI HAVE NOT | I HAVEN'THAVE I?
YOU HAVE | YOU'VEYOU HAVE NOT | YOU HAVEN'THAVE YOU?
HE/SHE/IT HAS | HE'S / SHE'S / IT'SHE/SHE/IT HAS NOT | HE/SHE/IT HASN'THAS HE/SHE/IT?
WE HAVE | WE'VEWE HAVE NOT | WE HAVEN'THAVE WE?
YOU HAVE | YOU'VEYOU HAVE NOT | YOU HAVEN'THAVE YOU
THEY HAVE | THEY'VETHEY HAVE NOT | THEY HAVEN'THAVE THEY?

 

When we talk about possessions, realtionships, illnesses and characteristics of people or things we can add GOT after the verb:

  • I have got a car. / I've got a car. - Possiedo una macchina.
  • You have got a sister. / You've got a sister. - Tu hai una sorella.
  • She has got a cold. / She's got a cold. - Lei ha il raffreddore.

 

Download the worksheet below and test yourself!